What response should
I get from the Majordomo mailing list when I request for help?
Subject Majordomo results
This help message is being sent to you from the Majordomo mailing
list management system at Majordomo@(your-domain-name).
This is version 1.94.4 of Majordomo.
If you're familiar with mail servers, an advanced user's summary
of Majordomo's commands appears at the end of this message.
Majordomo is an automated system which allows users to subscribe
and unsubscribe to mailing lists, and to retrieve files from
You can interact with the Majordomo software by sending it commands
in the body of mail messages addressed to "Majordomo@ (your-domain-name)".
Please do not put your commands on the subject line; Majordomo
does not process commands in the subject line.
You may put multiple Majordomo commands in the same mail message.
Put each command on a line by itself.
If you use a "signature block" at the end of your mail,
Majordomo may mistakenly believe each line of your message is
a command; you will then receive spurious error messages. To keep
this from happening, either put a line starting with a hyphen
("-") before your signature, or put a line with just
on it in the same place. This will stop the Majordomo software
from processing your signature as bad commands.
Here are some of the things you can do using
OUT WHICH LISTS ARE ON THIS SYSTEM
To get a list of publicly-available mailing lists on this
system, put the following line in the body of your mail
message to Majordomo@ (your-domain-name)
Each line will contain the name of a mailing
list and a brief description of the list.
To get more information about a particular
list, use the "info" command, supplying the name
of the list. For example, if the name of the list about
which you wish information is "demo-list", you
would put the line
in the body of the mail message.
SUBSCRIBING TO A LIST
Once you've determined that you wish to
subscribe to one or more lists on this system, you can send
commands to Majordomo to have it add you to the list, so
you can begin receiving mailings.
To receive list mail at the address from
which you're sending your mail, simply say "subscribe"
followed by the list's name
If for some reason you wish to have the
mailings go to a different address (a friend's address,
a specific other system on which you have an account, or
an address which is more correct than the one that automatically
appears in the "From" header on the mail you send),
you would add that address to the command. For instance,
if you're sending a request from your work account, but
wish to receive "demo-list" mail at your personal
account (for which we will use "email@example.com"
as an example), you'd put the line
subscribe demo-list firstname.lastname@example.org
in the mail message body.
Based on configuration decisions made by
the list owners, you may be added to the mailing list automatically.
You may also receive notification that an authorization
key is required for subscription. Another message will be
sent to the address to be subscribed (which may or may not
be the same as yours) containing the key, and directing
the user to send a command found in that message back to
Majordomo@ (your-domain-name). (This can be a bit of extra
hassle, but it helps keep you from being swamped in extra
email by someone who forged requests from your address).
You may also get a message that your subscription is being
forwarded to the list owner for approval; some lists have
waiting lists, or policies about who may subscribe. If your
request is forwarded for approval, the list owner should
contact you soon after your request.
Upon subscribing, you should receive an
introductory message, containing list policies and features.
Save this message for future reference; it will also contain
exact directions for unsubscribing. If you lose the intro
mail and would like another copy of the policies, send this
message to Majordomo@ (your-domain-name)
(substituting, of course, the real name
of your list for "demo-list").
Your original intro message contains the
exact command which should be used to remove your address
from the list. However, in most cases, you may simply send
the command "unsubscribe" followed by the list
(This command may fail if your provider
has changed the way your address is shown in your mail.)
To remove an address other than the one
from which you're sending the request, give that address
in the command
unsubscribe demo-list email@example.com
In either of these cases, you can tell
to remove the address in question from all lists on this
server by using "*" in place of the list name
unsubscribe * firstname.lastname@example.org
FINDING THE LISTS
TO WHICH AN ADDRESS IS SUBSCRIBED
To find the lists to which your address
is subscribed, send this command in the body of a mail message
to Majordomo@ (your-domain-name)
You can look for other addresses, or parts
of an address, by specifying the text for which Majordomo
should search. For instance, to find which users at my-isp.com
are subscribed to which lists, you might send the command
Note that many list owners completely or
fully disable the "which" command, considering
it a privacy violation.
FINDING OUT WHO'S
SUBSCRIBED TO A LIST
To get a list of the addresses on a particular
list, you may use the "who" command, followed
by the name of the list
Note that many list owners allow only a
list's subscribers to use the "who" command, or
disable it completely, believing it to be a privacy violation.
RETRIEVING FILES FROM
A LIST'S ARCHIVES
Many list owners keep archives of files
associated with a list. These may include
- back issues of the list
- help files, user profiles, and other documents associated
with the list
- daily, monthly, or yearly archives for the list
To find out if a list has any files associated
with it, use the "index" command
If you see files in which you're interested,
you may retrieve them by using the "get" command
and specifying the list name and archive filename. For instance,
to retrieve the files called "profile.form" (presumably
a form to fill out with your profile) and "demo-list.9611"
(presumably the messages posted to the list in November
1996), you would put the lines
get demo-list profile.form
get demo-list demo-list.9611
in your mail to Majordomo@(your-domain-name).
GETTING MORE HELP
To contact a human site manager, send mail
to Majordomo-Owner@ (your-domain-name).
To contact the owner of a specific list, send mail to that
list's approval address, which is formed by adding "-approval"
to the user-name portion of the list's address. For instance,
to contact the list owner for demo-list@ (your-domain-name),
you would send mail to demo-list-approval@ (your-domain-name).
To get another copy of this help message,
send mail to Majordomo@ (your-domain-name)
with a line saying
in the message body.
COMMAND SUMMARY FOR
In the description below items contained
in [ ]'s are optional. When providing the item, do not include
the [ ]'s around it. Items in angle brackets, such as <address>,
are meta-symbols that should be replaced by appropriate
text without the angle brackets.
It understands the following commands
Subscribe yourself (or <address> if specified) to
the named <list>.
Unsubscribe yourself (or <address> if specified) from
named <list>. "unsubscribe *" will remove
you (or <address>)
from all lists. This _may not_ work if you have subscribed
Get a file related to <list>.
Return an index of files you can "get" for <list>.
Find out which lists you (or <address> if specified)
Find out who is on the named <list>.
Retrieve the general introductory information for the named
Retrieve the introductory message sent to new users.
Non-subscribers may not be able to retrieve this.
Show the lists served by this Majordomo server.
Retrieve this message.
Stop processing commands (useful if your mailer adds a
Commands should be sent in the body of
an email message to
Multiple commands can be processed provided each occurs
on a separate line.
Commands in the "Subject" line
are NOT processed.
If you have any questions or problems,